Cedefop expert Giovanni Russo notes that ‘workers bring to the job knowledge, skills and competence and their personal attitudes to learning. When workers are placed in a stable organisational environment with challenging jobs and opportunities to learn, skills will develop.’

1.1. Skills development takes time

Skills formation plays a key role in the European EU2020 growth strategy. Skills, however, do not develop overnight: skills development takes time. It also requires workplaces affording learning opportunities and workers readily capitalising on the available learning opportunities.

A long and respected research tradition has acknowledged that workers learn on their job and that they become increasingly skilled with tenure. This ‘learning curve’ underpins productivity increases in production lines over time.

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